The studies form part of the joint Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and World Bank Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience in nine countries around the world.
Tajikistan, a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia, is among the countries that are most vulnerable to climate change. There are worsening weather conditions, more frequent floods and droughts, increasing glacier melt, combined with already frequent earthquakes, landslides and avalanches. All of which pose a severe threat to the country’s food security, ecosystems, downstream infrastructure, communities and services such as irrigation, hydropower and potable water. As nearly half of Central Asia’s water resources originate in the Tajikistan mountains, there are concerns the melting glaciers could eventually lead to water shortages across the entire region.
Mott MacDonald’s role, as technical consultant, will include identifying and prioritising vulnerable communities, ecosystems and infrastructure. The consultancy will be required to develop adaptation and mitigation measures for climate change, based on downscaled hydroclimate impact models. The company will demonstrate ways to integrate climate risk and resilience into core development planning as well as prepare sector-based hazard management investment plans.
The project is due for completion by July 2011.